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Traveling To Egypt - Must-see Destinations (part 1)

Egypt has always been a well-known country attracting numerous visitors from all over the world, especially archaeologists, scientists and travelers fond of its history and ancient beauty. There are destinations that should definitely be in any Egypt’s visitors’ bucket list.

Pyramids

Luring not only archeologists, scientists but any travelers to come to Egypt are the pyramids. With the unique structure, there are even rumors that the pyramids are the work of aliens. Among over 130 pyramids across Egypt, there are some visitors should never miss.

Pyramid of Djoser

The pyramid of Djoser (also known as step pyramid based on its appearance) is considered to be the most ancient pyramid. It was built as a tomb for pharaoh Djoser, where it got its name. Constructed from limestone during the 27th century BC, the pyramid was originally 62 meters high, which has been gradually decreasing due to centuries of wind erosion.

Picture 1 - Pyramid of Djoser

Picture 1 - Pyramid of Djoser

Pyramid of Khufu

Located at Giza, pyramid of Khufu, also widely known as the Cheops Pyramid or the Great Pyramid, is one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World. With the original height of 146.5 meter and the current height of 138.8 meters, Pyramid of Khufu is the highest and the largest of the three main pyramids of Giza. It was originally 147 meters high before tomb raiders stole its outer limestone shell.

Picture 2 - Pyramid of Khufu (Pyramid of Cheops)

Picture 2 - Pyramid of Khufu (Cheops Pyramid)

The Pyramid was made of around 2.3 million stone block, each of which averagely weighs from 2.5 to 15 tons. It was constructed from 2560 – 2540 BC as the tomb of the pharaoh Khufu. Inside the pyramid is three chambers and a network of narrow alleys, some of which is only around 1 meter wide. The inferior opens a window to the astonishing ancient Egypt, though the pyramid does not have any antiques.

Pyramid of Khafre

Pharaoh Khafre, son of pharaoh Khufu, started to have his own pyramid built in around 2520 BC. The pyramid of Khafre, also called Chephren (another name of the pharaoh), is 136 meters, just a bit shorter than pyramid of Khufu. The pyramid’s exterior still remains its original polished limestone till present day, whilst the interior reveals a massive, 400-ton granite ceiling. The pyramid’s entrance leads down to the burial chamber with a relatively narrow way, just like the pyramid of Khufu. Khafre’s sarcophagus is currently still in the pyramid, though where the remains are stays mysterious.

Picture 3 - Pyramid of Khafre

Picture 3 - Pyramid of Khafre

The most curious thing about the pyramid of Khafre lies right in front of it: The Great Sphinx of Giza. A sphinx has always been a mythical creature, an important image in Egypt. Egyptian sphinx is typically a male version (an androsphinx) with a head of a man and a body of a lion. The Great Sphinx of Giza, the most famous sphinx in Egypt, has its head imitating pharaoh Khafre’s head. It is believed that the sphinx lies there to guard the pharaoh’s tomb.

Cairo

Being the capital, Cairo owns so many destinations Egypt travelers would love to visit. Here are some unmissable places in Cairo, Egypt.

Cairo Citadel

Started by Sala-Al-Din (Saladin) in 1176, Cairo Citadel was originally built on hill as a royal home and also military barracks to protect cities of Cairo and Fustat from the Crusaders. It took 8 years until 1184 for the Citadel to be finally finished. It actually was home for Egyptian rulers for 700 years and played an important role during medieval warfare in Egypt.

Picture 4 - Cairo Citadel

Picture 4 - Cairo Citadel

It contains numerous museums, ancient mosques of many dynasties and many sides, including Mohamed Ali mosque, which is the reason why it is also known as Mohamed Ali Citadel. The Citadel is extremely visible on Cairo’s eastern skyline, containing such a medieval charming that no visitors want to miss.

Egyptian museum

The best way to get to know a country, especially such an ancient one like Egypt, is to visit its museum. Also known as the Museum of Cairo, the Egyptian Museum was founded in 1835 and since then has been home to the largest Pharaonic collection with a variety of Egyptian relics, art and antiquities in the world.

Picture 5 - Egyptian museum

Picture 5 - Egyptian museum

Originally designed to protect Egyptian national treasures from both deterioration and widespread looting, the museum currently owns around 120000 items, including numerous priceless artefacts such as the Narmer Palette (the world’s most ancient historical document) and Tutankhamun‘s 11-kilogram-solid-gold funerary mask. Owning the young king’s charming ancient jewelries, walking canes and sarcophagi, the museum has made its Tutankhamun exhibition one of the world’s most popular destinations.

Khan El-Khalili market

Located in the center of city, Khan El-Khalili market is the most traditional iconic one. It was established in the 14th century and since then has always played an important role in Cairo’s cultural and economic activities.

Picture 6 - Khan El-Khalili market

Picture 6 - Khan El-Khalili market

In the market, there are a variety of stunningly beautiful items you can buy as gifts or for decorations such as sparkling silverware, gold artifacts, stained glass lamps, and handmade carpets. Besides, you may want to wander around and immerse into the local life by trying some street food in vendors or stepping into old coffee shops like the 1797-established El-Fishawi café.

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